|Privileged Creatures: Are There Level Playing Fields in Nature?|
|Barbara Natterson-Horowitz, Kathryn Bowers. Harvard Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Cambridge, MA, United States
The challenges of creating a fair and merit-based society are a central focus in modern human life. Questions of merit vs. privilege have been discussed through a human lens exclusively. This presentation features the results of two systematic reviews conducted to better understand the role of "merit" vs advantages based on parents across invertebrate and vertebrate species. Parental rank inheritance, maternal rank inheritance, maternal intervention and territorial inheritance were studied to identify trends in offspring's opportunities based on parentage. The findings of these systematic reviews will be presented along with a discussion of how these results can inform our understanding of privilege in human societies.