ABS 2023
Tools for the trade? DIAS and CFQ scores in shelter-housed dogs categorized as “high-arousal”�
Desirae Cambrelen, Victoria A. Cussen, Carly Loyer, Pamela J. Reid. Behavioral Sciences Team, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, New York, NY, United States

Dogs showing excessive arousal in shelters pose a risk to staff and may have increased rates of behavioral euthanasia or lengths of stay. Using published tools validated in pet dogs, we characterized two traits thought to drive high-arousal behavior: frustration and impulsivity. Dogs identified as “high arousal” by 4 shelters (n=15 per site) were rated on the Dog Impulsivity Assessment Scale (DIAS) and the Canine Frustration Questionnaire (CFQ) by staff familiar with the animal. Excessively aroused shelter-housed dogs scored higher for CFQ overall frustration and components related to general and barrier frustration, unmet expectations, autonomous control and frustration coping (all p ≤0.01). Similarly, they scored higher than pet dogs for overall DIAS impulsivity and factors related to behavioral regulation and aggression/response to novelty, but lower for responsiveness (all p < 0.001). We are currently correlating DIAS and CFQ scores with in-kennel behavior and outcomes. Our preliminary findings suggest questionnaires developed for dog owners may be useful for shelter staff familiar with individual dogs and may have utility for detecting at-risk individuals upon intake.���