Behaviour 2019
Tourists interactions with wildlife species in an Brazilian urban park
Briseida Resende1, Carine Savalli2, Tatiane Valença1. 1Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; 2Universidade Federal de São Pauo, Santos, SP, Brazil

In urban parks, the presence of animals attracts visitors and conflicts may emerge when people interact with them. In this study, our objective was to check if there was a phylogenetic bias in interactions with different species in a Brazilian urban park, in order to help the staff decisions about management. Appling a systemic view, we recorded All Occurrences of animal sightings and human interactions in 96 observation sessions. Invertebrates were the most abundant phylogenetic group seen on the trail, followed by nonprimate mammals and birds. Most interactions involved primates or nonprimate mammals (90.7%). People were more involved in interactions with primates (p= 0.027), and tourists fed proportionally more primates than nonprimate mammals. Affiliative-like interaction rates were more directed toward mammals than non-mammals, and toward primates than nonprimates. We suggest wildlife management should promote more interactions between humans and species that are usually less involved in conflicts, such as invertebrates.