Behaviour 2019
Identifying dogs’ affective states from videos of subtle behavioural cues- can anybody do it?
Hannah Bardsley, Helen Jarratt, Jo Garraway, Marianne Freeman. University Centre Sparsholt, Winchester, Hampshire, United Kingdom

Understanding dog affective states can help people respond appropriately around dogs; to avoid dangerous situations and provide positive scenarios for the dog. Previous research on how people interpret dog behaviours has mainly focussed on age and experience of the participants, however little research has considered the public interpretation of dog emotions. A survey, including 20 videos (at a length of  ≤ 5s), 10 from each valence, allowed people to respond to subtle behavioural cues. A total of 261 completed responses were received. A GLM found age, experience level and profession canine working relationship, had a significant effect upon the likelihood of a correct score. Increased age, higher canine experience and canine professionals receiving the highest score. All but two video clips were correct more times than chance suggesting the general public can interpret dog affective states. However the ability to identify positive affective state videos was higher than those of negative affective states.  Future research should assess the effect of canine education intervention to those with less experience and should focus on subtle behavioural cues for negative emotions.